Tuesday, September 19, 2017

Captain Costentenus: The Tattooed Greek of New York City


By Steve Frangos
Special to The National Herald

Published in The National Herald, June 3, 2006  


I am excited to announce that The National Herald has given Hellenic Genealogy Geek the right to reprint articles that may be of interest to our group. 


Among the Greeks of Old New York, none were more remarkable than, or had such a unique influence on American politics as, George Constantine Alexandrinos. 

Between roughly 1850 and 1880, we can easily document the presence of a small but notable colony of Greeks living and working in New York City. While the Greek merchant class has occupied the attention of most writers, there were certainly other Greeks who definitely caught the attention of the wider American public. In this regard, there is no question that the man generally known as “Captain Costentenus” was then among the most recognized Greeks, not simply in New York City, but throughout the United States. 

Captain Costentenus, a self-identified Greek Albanian, was the first fully tattooed man to become a national celebrity. We must quickly stress that this Greek performer was not the first tattooed individual to tour the country. Tattooed individuals such as Cabri, Rutherford and O'Connell unquestionably preceded him. But Captain Costentenus had two things these other persons did not: 

First, his traditional Burmesestyle tattoos were more elaborate than any seen before in public; second, P.T. Barnum. 

In a striking combination of blue and red, the Greek's tattoos “consisted of 388 symmetrically arranged and closely interwoven images which covered his entire body, including his face, eyelids, ears and (genitals). The designs, according to his publicity, consisted of crowned sphinxes, dragons, serpents, monkeys, elephants, leopards, tigers, lions, panthers, gazelles, cats, crocodiles, lizards, eagles, storks, swans, peacocks, owls, fishes, salamanders, men, women, fruit, leaves and flowers. Most of them were quite small but exceptionally exact in their detail (wikibmezine.com).”

According to Alexandrinos, he received his tattoos in Chinese Tartary (the general location of present day Burma) as punishment for his part in “unspeakable crimes” during a rebellion against the king. It seems that Burmese lettering also constituted his tattooing in the interstices between his fingers. When asked what the writing said, his stock answer was that it branded him “the greatest rascal and thief in the world.” 


Phineas Taylor Barnum (1810- 91), “the Shakespeare of Advertising,” as he was called during his lifetime, 'discovered' the Greek in the early 1870's, and thereafter prominently showcased him in his Hippodrome Museum. Such was Captain Costentenus' status that Barnum paid him a reported $1,000 a week which, in the 1870-80's era, was a staggering amount of money. It was Barnum who dubbed him both “Captain Costentenus” and “The Living Canvas Back.” 

As a teenager, long before I learned Costentenus' name, let alone his ethnicity, I once saw a full color 4x6 square-foot original poster of this man in an exhibit. It was stunning. All one saw was Costentenus' back, with his arms on his hips and his face in profile. With the proud words “Greatest Show on Earth” as a banner, Barnum's name and all the rest, this poster was valued at more than $250,000 - at that time. 

While many legends and P.T. Barnum publicity “hokum” still surround Captain Costentenus' career, it is generally accepted that this Greek was the first person to consciously decide to get his entire body completely tattooed for the sole purpose of being an attraction. This decision, once he was in Barnum's hands, made him world-famous. 

Emblematic of the Greek's standing in Barnum's productions, we need only note what took place on December 9, 1876 during the last performance of the season for the Greatest Show on Earth: “During the performance, Mr. P.T. Barnum presented a gold metal to the tattooed Greek, Captain Georges Costentenus, prefacing the presentation with a brief address, complimentary to the man, and describing the painful manner in which he became tattooed… The medal is two inches in diameter, and is valued at $200. It was manufactured by Tiffany & Company. On one side is engraved a portrait of the tattooed man, showing the animals (etc.) on his body, and on the other side is the following inscription: 'Presented by P. T. Barnum to Capt. Georges Costentenus, in recognition of his honorable conduct and gentlemanly deportment during a two years' successful engagement. New York, 1877.' ”

To place this event within its wider historical context, 1876 was the country's centennial and a year of elaborate public celebrations. 1876 was also the year of the battle of Little Big Horn, which had occurred on June 25. News of the massacre was not released to the general public until after July 4 so as not to spoil the Centennial observance.

Still, exactly how prominent was Captain Costentenus? By October 23, 1881 no less a source than the New York Times opines that concerning “Captain Costentenus, the tattooed man… anybody in the country who has not seen him must live far in the backwoods.”

Contributing to the Greek's notoriety were the various editions of his booklet, “The True Life and Adventures of Captain Costentenus, the Tattooed Greek Prince (Popular Pub Co., New York: 1881).” Undoubtedly a total fabrication, copies of this booklet are still to be found at the Princeton, Harvard and British Museum Libraries. The contemporary availability of this booklet is due to the fact that, during the Greek's career, the volume always experienced “good sales (www.bmezine.com).” 

Not every New Yorker seems to have appreciated Captain Costentenus. On March 31, 1878 the New York Times reported the following incident: “Captain Costentenus, the tattooed Albanian Greek whom P.T. Barnum introduced a few years ago to the wondering visitors at the Hippodrome, walked up Broadway on Friday evening at 6 o'clock, and reaching Gallagher's saloon in the Albemarle Hotel Building, he turned aside to enter. As he pushed open the swinging door, two men stood in the passage, and in his effort to get in, the Greek jostled against one of them. The two men were Cathcart, a well-known sporting character, and a man known as 'The Doctor.' Costentenus, who is a very polite man, speaks poor English, but he said, 'Excuse me. I go inside,' as he pushed between the two men. One of them laughed at him, and the other punched him in the side with his elbow. This enraged the Captain, and he made an impatient remark. Without further parley, one of the rude men who barred the doorway struck him a powerful blow with his fist, hitting him in the temple. He fell to the floor, where he remained in a dazed condition for about a quarter of an hour. The outer doors were closed to keep out the crowd, and when the injured man revived he was permitted to go away, his assailants having disappeared. Yesterday, the Captain had his head bandaged, and showed a large swelling on his head as a result of the encounter. He said he had never before seen the men who attacked him, and he would not know them if he should meet them. He wears very handsome diamond rings and other jewelry, valued altogether at about $3,000, and usually goes armed to protect himself from persons who might attempt to rob him. He says he was so unexpectedly assaulted that he had no time to offer resistance.” 

This incident did not deter the good Captain from continuing his career and life without a backward glance. In fact, we should note that on December 22, 1883 Captain Costentenus “took out naturalization papers in the Superior Court.” 

A fascinating moment in American and Greek American history involves a political cartoon referring directly to Captain Costentenus. James Gillespie Blaine (1830-93), a U.S. Congressman, was running against Grover Cleveland (1837- 1908) in the November 1884 Presidential election. “Cleveland had dallied with a widow and refused to marry her when she became the mother of his child, and Blaine had taken gifts from businesses and lied about them. The choice, as a local paper put it, was between a private immoralist and a public immoralist (www.tattooarchive.com).” 

At this juncture, Bernard Gillam, a political cartoonist, working for Puck's, an independent weekly, began a series of political cartoons commenting upon Blaine's political indiscretions. In Puck's April 16, 1884 issue, Gillam's anti-Blaine cartoon appeared with the caption, “Narcissus: Or The Man Who Was Mashed on Himself.” Blaine is shown gazing fondly at his own reflection in a pool of water. Aside from the Classical Greek reference, Blaine is made to resemble Captain Costentenus by showing him covered in tattoos. The tattoos were not animals, plants or other decorations, however, but the names of the trusts and special interests which had purchased Blaine's support during his years in Washington. 

The tattooed images caught the popular imagination, and wherever Blaine traveled thereafter, he was met with shouts of “Tattooed Jim.” Many historians contend that these cartoons determined the final outcome of the 1884 presidential campaign. 

We can not now say how the wider Greek colony of Old New York responded to the presence of George Constantine Alexandrinos, but we do know he left a visual impression which still resonates within popular American culture to this very day.

Monday, September 18, 2017

1871 - Villages of KAFKION and AGIOS VASILEIOS, Municipality of Karyoupoleos, Region of Gythio, Greece - FREE Translation of 1871 General Election List

The digital collections of the Greek State Archives offer a wealth of information to those of us interested in Greek genealogy.  As part of their online collection is the "Election Material From the Collection of Vlachoyiannis" .  This includes "General Election Lists" for each Municipality; recorded by community (city, village, settlement, etc.).

You can view a scanned copy of each list, printed in the Greek language.  This is a GREAT resource, but very difficult to navigate for those who do not read Greek.  Each row includes:  Line # -  Given Name, Surname - Father's Name -  Age - Occupation.

I have translated these pages and made them available in both Greek and English, doing my best to transcribe the information accurately.  I would always recommend viewing the original scanned copies (link below).  

- To the best of my knowledge, these lists include all Males who were eligible to vote in the elections.  

- Names are in alphabetical order by Given name (First name), many times recorded as an abbreviaton.  Example:  Panag = Panagiotis.

- Since the names are in order by Given name you will have to look at the entire community to find multiple members of the family in the same village.  Many times a father is still alive and you will be able to find him in these electoral lists.  This can help advance you family history research back to the early 1800's.  Example:  Year of Election List is 1872.  Father's age is 65.  Birth year would be calculated as 1807.

If you wish to share any of the translated information, please give appropriate credit and reference Hellenic Genealogy Geek at http://www.hellenicgenealogygeek.com along with my name (Georgia Stryker Keilman).  Thanks so much.

in the
Municipality of Karyoupoleos

For your further reference, 
below is the Greek link to the online copies of the 
1871 Greek Electoral Rolls for this community

NOTE:  This particular digital copy of the original Election List is not always clear and easily translated.  You will see quite a few ? (question marks) where I am uncertain.  I would recommend that you always follow the above link and check things out for yourself.


Line # - Given Name - Surname - Father's Name - Age - Occupation

510 – Βασιλ Δεκαπος ? – παναγιωτης – 25 – γεωργος

510 – Vasil Dekapos ? – Panagiotis – 25 - farmer


511 – Βασιλ Σωτηρακος – Γεωργιος – 23 – γεωργος

511 – Vasil Sotirakos – Georgios – 23 - farmer


512 – Γεωρ Ροβιθακος – Γεωργιος – 22 – γεωργος

512 – Geor Rovithakos – Georgios – 22 - farmer


513 – Γεωρ Ροβιθακος – Ροβηφης – 35 – γεωργος

513 – Geor Rovithakos – Rovifis – 35 - farmer


514 – Γεωρ Ροβιθακος – Νικολαος – 22 – γεωργος

514 – Geor Rovithakos – Nikolaos – 22 - farmer


515 – Δημητ Μασυακος ?? – Παναγιωτης – 22 – γεωργος

515 – Dimit Masyakos ?? – Panagiotis – 22 - farmer


516 – δημητ δημακος – δημος – 22 – γεωργος

516 – Dimit Dimakos – Dimos – 22 - farmer


517 – Ιωαν γεωργιτσογιαννακος – Γεωργιτσοης – 30 – γεωργος

517 – Ioan Georgitsogiannakos – Georgitsois – 30 - farmer


518 – Ιωαν Μιχαλαφογιανακος – Δημητριος – 30 – γεωργος

518 – Ioan Michalafogianakos – Dimitrios – 30 - farmer


519 – Λεωνιδ Ροβιθακος – Ροβιθης – 30 – γεωργος

519 – Leonid Rovithakos – Rovithis – 30 - farmer


520 – Νικολ Ροβιθακος – Ροβιθης – 32 – κτηματιας

520 – Nikol Rovithakos – Rovithis – 32 - landowner


521 – Νικολ Πατρικακος – Πατρικιος – 30 – κτηματιας

521 – Nikol Patrikakos – Patrikios – 30 - landowner


522 – Παναγ Δικακος – Νικολαος – 55 – γεωργος

522 – Panag Dikakos – Nikolaos – 55 - farmer


523 – παναγ Μπου?εκος – πατρικιος – 26 – γεωργος

523 – Panag Bou?ekos – Patrikios – 26 - farmer


524 – παναγ πατρικακος – πατρικιος – 26 – γεωργος

524 – Panag Patrikakos – Patrikios – 26 - farmer


525 – παρασκ Λετακος ? – Παναγιωτης – 26 – γεωργος

525 – Parask Letakos ? – Panagiotis – 26 - farmer


526 – πιερ. Σκοντρακος – Νικολαος – 42 – κτητηρ δικαστ

526 – Pier. Skondrakos – Nikolaos – 42 - bailiff


527 – Χαριλ Λεκακος – Παναγιωτης – 25 - ?

527 – Charil Lekakos – Panagiotis – 25 - ?

Saturday, September 16, 2017


The following obituaries and articles were published in the February 25, 2006 issue of The National Herald, with their kind permission I am providing them as a possible tool for Hellenic genealogy research.


George Davis, Fierce Death Penalty Opponent, Dies at 98

By Dennis McLellan Los Angeles Times

HONOLULU - George T. Davis, a legendary San Francisco criminal lawyer who first gained fame representing a convicted bomber who was pardoned in a landmark 1930's case and later represented clients including California death row inmate Caryl Chessman and televangelist Jim Bakker, has died. He was 98. 

Davis, the son of a Greek immigrant, died of heart failure February 4 at his home at the Mauna Lani Resort on the Big Island of Hawaii, according to his wife, Ginger. 

"George really was one of the great ones," said Gerald Uelmen, a professor at Santa Clara University School of Law. "He was a legendary voice against capital punishment in California, one of the earliest lawyers who really focused on death cases and challenged the employment of the death penalty in California." 

"My memory of George was that he was a very outgoing person," Uelmen added. "People liked him a lot, and he just loved to tell war stories." 

Davis had no shortage of them. A 1931 graduate of the University of California at Berkeley's Boalt Hall School of Law, he worked for a year as an assistant district attorney in San Francisco before launching his solo practice as a criminal lawyer. 

By decade's end he had gained a national reputation for handling appeals on behalf of labor organizer Tom Mooney, who had been convicted of a 1916 parade bombing in San Francisco which killed ten people and injured 40. 

The controversial case, in which it was widely believed that Mooney had been framed through perjured testimony, produced a 1935 U.S. Supreme Court decision liberalizing the rules under which new evidence could be introduced as grounds for a new trial. 

When Mooney was granted an unconditional pardon in 1939 after more than 21 years in prison, he and Davis staged a victory parade up Market Street in San Francisco, where they were cheered by an estimated 100,000 lining the street. 

After serving in the Army in Europe during World War II, Davis represented Alfried Krupp, heir to the German industrial and munitions empire, in post-Nuremberg trials appeals. 

Davis managed to get Krupp's prison term cut in half, arguing that Krupp was being tried for war crimes in place of his father, who had headed the firm under Nazi rule, but had been declared mentally unfit to be tried. Davis ultimately helped Krupp get released from prison. 

In another landmark case in 1948, Davis defended Air Force Sgt. Kenneth Long, who was charged with murdering his unfaithful wife. 

Long had already confessed on the witness stand, but the jury heard a different story when Davis persuaded the judge to admit - for the first time in California - a tape recording as evidence. 

Davis had smuggled a recorder into the jail and secretly recorded a conversation between Long and a psychiatrist. During the conversation, Long, who had been injected with sodium pentothal, the chemical commonly known as truth serum, recalled witnessing his wife's boyfriend kill her. 

The jury found Long not guilty.

 A 1956 episode of the hour-long ABC anthology series "Conflict" featured an episode based on the Long case: "The People Against McQuade," featuring Tab Hunter and James Garner- and Davis playing himself as the defendant's lawyer. 

"He was open to everything," Ginger Davis said of her husband's brief fling in Hollywood. "George was such a happy person. He just always had a good time and loved meeting all those people." 

Davis' most notorious case - and one of his greatest war stories - was the federal death penalty appeal of Chessman, the so-called Red Light Bandit, who was convicted on kidnapping and rape charges in 1948. 

After a 12-year struggle for his life on San Quentin's death row, during which he wrote books protesting his conviction and won numerous stays of execution, Chessman was scheduled to die in the gas chamber at 10 AM on May 2, 1960. 

In the wake of what a Los Angeles Times correspondent described as a "whirlwind series of legal maneuvers," Davis and fellow attorney Rosalie Asher rushed into the chambers of federal Judge Louis Goodman in San Francisco only a few minutes before the scheduled execution. 

The judge listened briefly to their plea for a stay. Then, agreeing to a one-hour stay to hear arguments, the judge reached for the phone. But the judge's secretary obtained a wrong number for the prison warden on the first try, and by the second try, it was too late. 

"If ever there was a case proving the injustice of the death penalty, it was the Chessman case," Davis said in an interview years later. "Why, he hadn't even been accused of killing anybody." 

Chessman had been convicted under California's Lindbergh Law, which permitted the death penalty to be invoked when kidnapping victims suffered bodily harm. The law was repealed in 1973. 

Among Davis' other clients were Philippine opposition leader Benigno Aquino Jr., for whom Davis secured release from prison in Manila; and Robert W. T'Souvas, who was charged with killing two Vietnamese children during the My Lai massacre. Davis got the charges dismissed. 

Davis' last big case was in 1989, when he represented Bakker, who was convicted on 24 counts of conspiring to defraud his followers. 

Davis was born May 29, 1907 in St. Louis, but at age 1 moved with his family to San Francisco, where his Greek father managed restaurants. 

Davis, who played drums, trumpet and piano, joined the local musicians union while studying philosophy at UC Berkeley. Between his sophomore and junior years, he and four musician friends got a job playing on a cruise ship. 

During the around-the-world cruise, on which he celebrated his 18th birthday, Davis made his first visit to Hawaii. He and Ginger, his fourth wife, moved to the islands permanently in 1980 and bought a 100-acre horse and cattle ranch on the Hamakua Coast on the Big Island of Hawaii. 

Davis served as Northern California campaign chairman for Harry S. Truman in 1948 and was Northern California campaign cochairman for Jimmy Carter in 1976. 

Through four mayoral administrations, he was a member of the San Francisco War Memorial Commission, which overseas the opera house and other arts facilities in the civic center, and the San Francisco Host Committee, which entertains visiting heads of state. 

With J.K. Choy, Davis co-founded the Chinese Culture Center of San Francisco in 1965. He also was a founding member of the National Lawyers Guild and the American Board of Criminal Lawyers. 

Davis, who was twice divorced and widowed once, had no children. Ginger Davis, whom he married in 1974, is his sole survivor. Memorial services were held privately. Memorial contributions may be made to the Death Penalty Clinic of Boalt Hall School of Law. 

The Los Angeles Times published the above on February 19. The original headline is, “George Davis, 98, Attorney Railed Against Death Penalty.”


Aloupis, James A. Rev. - A service for the Very Reverend James A. Aloupis, 88, of Mountainside, NJ was held on February 16 in St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church in Newark, NJ. Father Aloupis, who died on February 11 in Overlook Hospital, Summit, was an arch priest and served at St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church for 47 years, retiring in 2003. He was a graduate of Bates College, Lewiston, Maine, and the Theological Seminary, Brookline, Mass. He was recognized for his efforts at interfaith bridge building by the B'nai B'rith, the National Conference of Christians and Jews and other organizations. He also was a mentor and volunteer with such community organizations as the Boys Clubs of America, Newark. Born in Lynn, Mass., Father Aloupis moved to Mountainside 50 years ago. Surviving is a daughter, Constance Angelica. Angelo, Mary (nee Zigounaki


Angelo, Mary (nee Zigounakis) - Age 84; of Modesto, CA died Monday at Memorial Medical Center. Mrs. Angelo was a native of Van Houten, CA. She was a homemaker. She was a member of the Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation. She is survived by her children, Nick Angelo of Brentwood and Paul Angelo of Modesto; brother, John Zigounakis of Modesto; sisters, Antonia Headrick and Stella Zigounakis, both of Modesto; and six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren. Visitation was on Thursday, February 16 at Salas Brothers Funeral Chapel. A funeral was on Friday, February 17 at Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation. Remembrances may be made to Greek Orthodox Church of the Annunciation, 313 Tokay Ave., Modesto 95350.


Georgiou, Nitsa Karsos. - Age 82; of Warren, NJ died on February 13 in Overlook Hospital, Summit, NJ. A service will be at noon tomorrow in Ascension Greek Orthodox Church, Fairview. Mrs. Georgiou was born in Chios, Greece, and also lived in Fairview and Jersey City. Surviving are sons, Kostas and George; a brother, John Kostas, and three grandchildren.


Jasonides, Elias S. - Age 85; of Saco, OR; died in Saco, on February 7, 2006. Visiting hours were Thursday, February 9 at the Cote Funeral Home. Funeral Service was on February 10 St. Demetrios Greek Orthodox Church, Saco. Burial at St. Demetrios Cemetery, Biddeford.


Javellas, Margaret Rita. - A service for Mrs. Margaret Rita Javellas, 89, of West Orange was on Thursday, February 9 in Sts. Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox Church, Orange, NJ after the funeral from the Dangler Funeral Home of West Orange. Mrs. Javellas, who died on February 5 at home, was a member of the Ladies Philoptochos Society-Dorkas and the Leisure Suburbanites, both at Sts. Constantine and Helen Greek Orthodox Church. She also belonged to the Edison Club and the Happy Hour Club, both in West Orange. Born in Athens, Greece, she came to Newark in 1948 and lived in Bloomfield before moving to West Orange 39 years ago. Surviving are a daughter, Sylvia Koroneos; a son, Peter, and three grandchildren.


Kalliavas, George S. - Of Arlington, VA; a World War II veteran and retired restaurant owner, died on Friday, February 10 at the Oxford Manor Nursing Home in Haverhill. He was 87. Born in Roxbury, he had lived in Arlington for most of his life. Mr. Kalliavas served in the armed forces during World War II. He owned and operated Buttercup Restaurant at Inman Square inCambridge. Mr. Kalliavas is survived by his wife, Viola (Loupos); a daughter, Jean Yiokarinis of Kingston, N.H.; a sister, Lillian Damaskas of Roslindale; three grandchildren; and many nieces and nephews. A funeral service was held on February 8 in Saint Athanasisus Greek Orthodox Church, Arlington.


Karris, Sophie (nee Roupas) - Beloved wife of the late Alex Karris; loving mother of Ernest (Joanne), Nicholas (Mary Ann) and Renee (Andreas) Salivaras; proud grandmother ofsix; great-grandmother of five; preceded in death by her seven siblings; fond aunt of many nieces and nephews. Active for many years in the Greek Community. Visitation was on Friday, February 10 at Conboy-Westchester Funeral Home. Family and friends met the following morning at SS. Constantine & Helen Greek Orthodox Church in Palos Hills, IL for Funeral Service. In lieu of flowers, donations to Hellenic Museum and Cultural Center, 801 W. Adams, Chicago, IL 60607 in celebration of her life appreciated.


Katsulas, Andrew C. - Passed away on Monday, February 13, 2006 in Los Angeles, CA. Beloved husband of Gilla Nissan Katsulas and deeply loved by her family; dearest father of Katherine Parker and Michael Katsulas; dear son of the late Pete and Bessie Katsulas; dear cousin to the Dimza and Speropoulos Families and to his family in Greece. A dear friend to many. Services: The Funeral Service was conducted at St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church, on Friday, February 17. Interment St. Matthew Cemetery. Memorials appreciated to St. Nicholas Greek Orthodox Church.


Makos, Vasiliki (nee Karagiannis) - Died on Tuesday, February 7, 2006. Beloved wife of Christos Makos; dear mother of Vasilios (Hrisoula) Makos, Eleni (Tom) Karagiannis, Panagoti (Cathy) Makos, Petros Makos, Georgia (Spiro) Mellos, Tom Makos, Kalliope (Gus) Patakas; dear grandmother of 12; dear great-grandmother of 15. Services: Funeral from Colonial Mortuary Hoffmeister-Kriegshauser Funeral Directors, on February 11 to Assumption Greek Orthodox Church in St. Louis for service. The interment followed in St. Matthew Cemetery. Visitation was at Colonial Mortuary on Friday, February 10 with Trisagion Service.


Marangos, Pauline (nee Goumenis) - Peacefully passed away February 7, 2006, in Nansemond Pointe Nursing Home of Suffolk, VA. She was the wife of the late James Marangos. Mrs. Marangos was born in Lowell, Mass., where she lived most of herlife until finally settling in Suffolk. She will always be known as a loving wife, mother and grandmother and a wonderful Greek cook. She was a member of the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Cathedral in Norfolk. She is survived by her daughter, Sofia M. Dakos and her husband George of Suffolk; a son, the Rev. Dr. Frank Marangos and his wife Haidee of Medfield, Mass.; two grandchildren, Alexander Dakos of Suffolk and Gregory Marangos of Medfield; many nieces and nephews; and also many special friends at Nansemond Pointe. She was predeceased by her sister, Anastasia Makris; and her two brothers, Father Homer Goumenis of Atlanta and Father Charles Goumenis of Norfolk. A church service was held on Friday, February 10 at Annunciation Greek Orthodox Cathedral by Father Seraphim Poulos and Father Constantine Rogakos. Memorial donations may be made to the Annunciation Greek Orthodox Cathedral, 7220 Granby St., Norfolk.


Frixo Alexis, Popular Hairstyist with Washington’s Political Elite, Dies at 75

By Patricia Sullivan The Washington Post

WASHINGTON, D.C. - Frixo J. Alexis, 75, the ebullient owner and operator of the House of Alexis beauty salons who flirted with his clients, catered to their coiffures and always had time to discuss the latest political intrigue, died of complications from emphysema on January 7 while visiting relatives in Tampa. He lived in Kensington, Maryland. 

Mr. Alexis, a Washington area resident since 1960, opened the House of Alexis at the Sheraton Park Hotel in 1961. Over the next 45 years, he opened salons on MacArthur Boulevard in the District; in a mall in Chevy Chase; and at the current location on Arlington Road in Bethesda, which is now managed by his son and daughter-in-law. 

"Going to his salon was like going to a cocktail party without the booze," said Alice Mandanis, who started going to his salon in the late 1960's. "You never knew who'd you'd encounter there - it could be a congresswoman, a judge, various politicians, academics." 

The bald beautician had an enormous zest for life, which he demonstrated by flirting, flattering and feeding people around him, friends and relatives said. 

"He was a Greek immigrant and loved people, and he just had an artistic flair," said his cousin Leon Andris. "You know Zorba the Greek? He was as close to Zorba as there was." 

Deborah Howe, another longtime client, said he strove to make his customers happy. When Howe broke her pelvis some years ago, Mr. Alexis insisted on coming to her home to do her hair. "He would not charge me a penny for it," she said. "He'd take care of us old ladies. You began to wonder how he ever made any money." 

Mr. Alexis was an accomplished hairstylist who taught and attended beauty schools in both North and South America, as well as in London and Paris. He won many awards in local competitions, which encouraged customers to trust him when he urged them to accept his ideas. 


"Color was his big thing," Mandanis said. "If you went to him, you had to accept you might be a guinea pig. You put yourself in his hands, and you had to be prepared to take some risks. But he had a magic hand. When you walked out of his shop, you felt transformed. Of course, part of it was his blarney." 

He was born in Tarapsa, Greece, a small village south of Sparta. He spent his childhood there, and in Athens. During his teenage years, while the Germans occupied Greece during World War II, he assisted in the Greek resistance. 

Mr. Alexis and his two older brothers came to the United States in 1946 and settled in Erie, Pennsylvania, where his father owned a bar and diner. Mr. Alexis joined the Navy soon after his arrival, and was stationed in Key West, Florida with the submarine fleet. 

By 1960, he had arrived in Washington and started his successful series of businesses. He did not attend college, but he was well read and enjoyed following international news. 

An ardent sportsman, Mr. Alexis owned a boat in Tall Timbers in St. Mary's County, and spent his days off fishing in Chesapeake Bay. He also loved cooking his favorite Greek foods and serving them at large parties he threw. 

Mr. Alexis volunteered as a translator at the National Institutes of Health and donated his professional and culinary talents to a host of Washington charities. 

Survivors include his wife of 57 years, Barbara Ellen Alexis of Kensington; two sons, Taki of Kensington and Dean of Olney; a brother, Taki of McLean. Virginia; and three grandchildren. 

The Washington Post published the above on January 14. The original headline is, “Frixo J. Alexis, 75, Gregarious Hairstylist.” 

Friday, September 15, 2017

545 Names - Book "Atlanta Greeks: an early history"

The Book “ATLANTA GREEKS; an early history”, authored by Stephen P. Georgeson, was published in 2015 by The History Press, Charleston, SC.  

I was able to obtain a copy through my local library’s Inter-library Loan Program, you can do the same, or purchase a copy from various vendors.  If you are a member of Kindle Unlimited, you will be able to read the book for free.  

Below you will find a description of the book, the Table of Contents, and a list of 545 names included in the book.

By 1890, the first Greek immigrants to Atlanta had settled into an area still widely populated by Confederate veterans. In a city without the large immigrant presence common in the nation's major urban areas, the Greeks were initially received as undesirable visitors by the state's and city's leaders. While the Greek Orthodox Church of Atlanta endured financial hardship, it continued to aid funerals, hospitals and orphanages. These Greeks moved from the city’s streets as fruit vendors into more established businesses. Christ Gyfteas’s fruit stand at the corner of Broad and Marietta became the California Fruit Company. By 1911, 40 percent of Greeks were proprietors or partners in a variety of businesses like cafes, restaurants, soda fountains and groceries. Author Stephen Georgeson explores the Greek immigrant’s experiences in their first three decades in Atlanta.

Notes on Names and Sources
Chapter 1 – The Immigrant Departs
Chapter 2 – The Confederate Legacy
Chapter 3 – The Reception
Chapter 4 – The Atlanta Race Riot
Chapter 5 – Fruit Stand Men
Chapter 6 – Atlanta Shuts Down the Stands
Chapter 7 – Immigrant as Entrepreneur
Chapter 8 – Immigrant Self-Identity and Self-Image
Chapter 9 – The Patrida:  Dual Allegiances
Chapter 10 – Faith
Chapter 11 – Establishment of the Church
Chapter 12 – Organization of the Church
Chapter 13 – The Church Grows and a School Opens
Chapter 14 – Westview and Greenwood Cemeteries
Chapter 15 – The Rise of the Ku Klux Klan

Appendix 1 – Greek Immigrants Listed in the 1896 Local City of Atlanta Census
Appendix 2 – Greek Immigrants Listed as Residing in Atlanta in the 1900 United States Federal Census
Appendix 3 – Atlanta Greek Immigrants Petitioning for Naturalization in Fulton County Superior Court prior to 1907
Appendix 4 – Incorporation Document of The Evangelismos Society
Appendix 5 – Atlanta Greek Immigrants Featured as Business Owners and Managers in Dio Adallis’s 1912 Greek Merchants Reference and Business Guide
Appendix 6 – The September 1905 Letter from the Church Council to Ecumenical Patriarch Joachim III
Appendix 7 – The Defense of Father Constas Hadjidemetriou Presented at the General Assembly Meeting on August 27, 1908
Appendix 8 – Chanters of the Atlanta Greek Orthodox Church, 1906-1917
Appendix 9 – Church Councils of the Atlanta Greek Orthodox Church, 1906-1917
Appendix 10 – Presidents of the Greek Orthodox Church Councils, 1906-1917
Appendix 11 – Westview Cemetery Register for Greeks Buried in Section 8 and God’s Acre, 1901-1914
Appendix 12 – Financial Contributors to The Atlanta Greek Orthodox Church as Listed in the Church’s Treasury Book from June 1906 - June 1907

About the Author

Excerpt from NOTES ON NAMES AND SOURCES section of the book:
“The only consistency regarding the surnames of these first Greek immigrants is inconsistency.  The immigrant would typically maintain his Greek surname, written in the Greek language, within the community of his family and compatriots.  Some would also adopt on occasion an English transliteration of the name for use in a broader community setting.  Others would abandon this effort altogether and simply adopt more typical American-sounding names as their official surnames, in addition to continuing to use their original Greek surnames within their family or church communities.  The 1910 federal census lists nineteen Greek immigrants who had adopted “Brown” as a surname.  Many would simultaneously use different English versions of their names, depending on the situation.  Vasileios Efthimiou, one of the early leaders of the Greek immigrants assumed “E. Basil” as the name by which he presented himself to the broader Atlanta community.”

“Contrary to popular misconception, surnames were not changed by officials upon the immigrant’s entry into the country at Ellis Island or other ports.  The surnames of arriving immigrants were recorded by officials just as they had been entered on the manifests prepared by the shipping lines.  The image of non-comprehending immigration officials arbitrarily assigning American surnames to arriving immigrants is unfounded.  The overwhelming majority of later surname changes were the result of voluntary actions by the immigrants.”


Adallis, Dio
Akers, James
Alapandis, Panagiotis
Alexander, James
Alexander, Pete
Alexandrou, Demetrios
Alexiou, Charles
Alexiou, Konstantinos
Algers, Gerasimos
Allesbut, D.
Anagnostopoulos, Theodoros
Anastopoulos, Diomides
Angelopoulos, Andreas
Angelopoulos, Father Christos
Angelopoulos, Olga
Antoniou, Charles
Antoniou, Eustratios
Antoniou, Stelios
Antoniou, Stylianos
Antonopoulos, George
Antonopoulos, Ioannis
Antonopoulos, John
Apostolopoulos, Dionysios
Apostolopoulos, Panos
Athanasopoulos, Andreas
Athanasopoulos, Constantine
Athanasopoulos, Panagiotis
Athanasopoulos, Vasileios
Avgerinos, Mr.
Avrotis, Christos
Bachus, John
Badalias, John
Bakaliaros, Archimandrite Dorotheos
Bakas, Andrew
Baker, Andrew
Bamboos, Charles
Baraklis, John
Barbour, Peter
Barros, Dionysios
Basil, E. (Vasilios Efthimiou)
Basil, Pete
Begesiotis, Ioannis
Bekakas / Bikukas, John
Bekaks, John
Berry, Andrew
Berry, Arthur
Bieras, Anastasios
Bitsakis, P.
Bitsaktzes, Athanasios
Bitsaxis, Athanasios
Bitsaxis, Athanasios & Theodoros (surname aka Brown)
Blatsos, And.
Blatsos, Georgios
Blatzos, George
Blatzos, Georgios
Blatzos, Gregoris
Blatzos, Konstantinos
Bolas, Vict
Bonsabe, George
Botsaris, Evangelos
Boukatelis, Demetrios
Bouloukas, Giannoula
Bouras, Sam
Boutos, Anastasios
Boutos, Constantine
Breuze, George
Brown, Charles
Brown, Denis
Brown, George L.
Brown, J.
Brown, James
Brown, Jim
Brown, John
Brown, Peter
Brown, Theodore
Brown, Victor
Brown, Xenopher
Cacarountas, Andreas
Cacarountas, Leonidas
Caltis, George
Campbell, Leon
Canares, Victor
Caralee, Alice
Caralee, Alison
Caralee, George
Caralee, Mary
Caralee, Pano
Caralie, George
Caralie, Pete
Carlos, Chris
Carolee, Alex
Carolee, Alexander
Carolee, George
Carolee, Pano
Carolee, Pete
Carter, Alice
Carter, Mary
Chakopoulos, Athanasios
Charalambides, Constantine
Charalambides, Constantinos
Charalambidis, C.
Chlovitis, Harry
Chotas, Dionisia
Chotas, Eli
Chotas, Matthew
Chotas, Nick
Chotas, Nicko
Christopoulos, Charalambos
Christopoulos, Minas
Christou, Anastasios
Cochakos, Christ
Colias, George
Collias, Charles
Conomo, Michael
Constandopoulos, D.
Constantine, Antigone
Constantine, B.
Constantine, C.
Constantine, Cris
Constantine, K.
Constantine, Mrs.
Constantine, Sappho
Constantine, Victor
Constantinides, Father Panos
Constas, Father
Cosdallas / Costalas, Constantine
Costovos, James
Cotsakis, Christos
Cotsovas, James
Dagres, Andreas
Danikas, Panagiotis
Daravingos, Costa
Daules, Dem.
Deligiannis, Kyriakos
Demetery, Dion
Demetracopoulos, James
Demetrakopoulos, Demetrios
Demetriou, J.
Demetry, Father
Demopoulos, Angelo
Denezakos, Theodoros
Dgorezos, Christos
Diangelis, Demetrios
Dilplaris, Ioannis
Dollis / Katsoulas, G.
Drakopoulos, Konstantinos
Drasas, John
Drasus, Mark
Economy, George
Economy, George V.
Edwards, Cleo Janoulis
Efthimiou, Vasileios (E. Basil)
Eikonomopoulos, I.
Ellin, Gust
Elson, George
Eustathiou, Georgios
Eustratios, Kourios
Euthymiou, Vasileios
Evangelinos / Evangelos, Thomas
Farmakis, Mary
Forlidas, John
Fort, Jim
Fotopoulos, Dionysios
Fotopoulos, Ioannis
Fotou, Dionis
Foufas, Vasseleios
Fourlides, Ioannis
Fourlides, Nicholaos
Frank, T.
Galiatzos, Pete
Garitza brothers
Gatzanis, Vasileios
George, Andreas
George, F.
Georgiades, S. J.
Georgiades, Sotirios
Georgiou, Theofanis
Georgopoulos brothers
Geraketes, Victor
Geramides, Charles
Gerasanos, Nick
Gialelis, Stavros
Gialelis, Steve
Giambanis, Athanasios
Gickas, George
Gickas, Jean
Girangas, Panagiotis
Gogias, Vasileios
Goulimis, Augustis
Goulimis, Ioannis
Gounaris, Theofanis
Gounaris, Theofanis Georgiou
Gouras, Georgios
Goutos, Andreas
Grammatikopoulos, George & Panos (surname aka Brown)
Grammatikopoulos, Georgios
Greek George “World famous wrestler”
Gregorakis, Georgios
Gregoropoulos, Nicholaos
Gregory, G. S.
Grigarchulos, Nick
Grilas, Anastasios
Gyfteas, Christ
Hadjidemetriou, Father Constans
Hadjidemetriou, George
Hadjidemetriou, Kalomira nee Maniates
Handelis, Chrysoula
Handelis, Constantinos
Handelis, D.
Handelis, John
Handelis, Konstantinos
Hangrioannis, George
Hanjaras, Christ
Hanjaras, Constantinos
Hanjaras, John
Hanjaras, Nick
Hantzaras, Demetrios
Hantzaras, Nicholaos
Hantzaras, Theodoros
Harharides, G.
Hatzopoulos, Evangelos
Hozzepolos, Evangelos
Iliakopoulos, Demosthenes
Iliakopoulos, L.
Iliakopoulos, Nicholaos
James, Nick
Kake, Charles
Kakouriotis, Petro & Victor (surname aka Brown)
Kallianos, Petros
Kalopothakes, Reverend
Kalovedouris, Demetrios
Kalovedouris., Angelis
Kanakopoulos, V.
Kanellas, Father Kallinikos
Kanelleas, Konstantinos
Kanellos, Costa
Kapouralis, Georgios
Karachalios, Christos
Karachouras, Konstantinos
Karagianni, Constandina
Karagianni, Constantina
Karalis, Georgios
Karalis, Panagiotis
Karalis, Stylianos
Karatas, Konstantinos
Katsoulas, Vasileios
Kavouras, Ilias
Keramidas, Charles
Kimbouropoulos, Georgios
Kimbouropoulos, Petros
Kiousis, Athanasios
Klamarias, Aristomenis
Kokotzis, Nicholaos
Kolikoniaris, Michael
Kollias, Mike
Kolyvanis, Demetrios
Konstantinopoulos, Charalambos
Konstantopoulos, Demetrios
Konts, Nicholas
Koriopoulos, Georgios
Koromilas, Lambros 
Kotsakos, Christos
Kouloukis, Georgios
Kouloukis, Nicholaos
Kouloukis, Nicholas
Kouloukis, Nicholas G.
Koundourelis, Eustratios
Kourlabas, Panagiotis
Kourogiannopoulos, Pano
Koutroulis, Alexandros
Krantz, Jake
Kutres, Nic
Kutres, Nicholaos
Kutres, Nicholas
Kylikas, Georgios
Kyriakopoulos, Kyriakos
Kyriakopoulos, Leonidas
Kyriakopoulos, Theodoros
Kyriakopoulou, Angeliki
Ladas brothers
Lambrides, Calliope nee Pilledes
Lambrides, Father Basil
Lambrides, Helen
Lambrides, Maria
Lambrides, Roxani
Lambrinos, Demetrios
Lazaris, Andreas
Leres, Charles
Liapis, Christos
Liapis, Panagiotis
Liappes, Christ
Linardos, Alexandros
Lingo, W. L.
Louis, Konstantinos
Louis, Peter
Louizos, Pete
Louizou brothers
Lysandros, Panagiotis
Macedon, George
Magritis, Vasileios
Makris, Constantinos
Makris, Konstantinos
Malevy, Jim
Mallas, George
Mallas, Nick
Mamos, Harry
Manedakis, Nikolaos
Manglaras, Ioannis
Manos, Andreas
Manos, Demetrios
Manos, James
Manos, Jim
Manos, Vasileios
Manou, Kalliopi
Mantis, L. A.
Margaritis, Minas
Market, Charles
Matrangas/Matrangos, Christ
Matrangos, Christos
Matrangos, Nicholaos
Matrangos, Nicholas
Matrangos, Nick
Matsoulas, Demetrios
Mavroodis, George
Memos / Manos, Georgios
Mennias, G.
Mennias, J. V.
Messarchos, Ioannis
Metropapas, George
Michalakakis, Demos
Milias, Andreas
Misombis, Nicholaos
Mitchell, Angel
Mitchell, Chris
Mitchell, George
Mitchell, James
Mitchell, Jassiar
Mitchell, Jim
Mitchell, John
Mitchell, Pete
Mitchell, Robert
Mitchell, Victor
Mitropapas, Evangelos
Mitropapas, Georgios
Mitsanis, Panagiotis
Mitsanis, Petros
Molias, Nicholaos
Moore, Crist
Moore, George
Moore, John
Moore, Mihles
Moore, Nick
Moore, Paul
Moore, Pete
Mooroodis, George
Moukios, Angelis
Moundreas, Demetrios
Moundreas, Memis
Moutzopoulos, Christ
Muhler, John – Greek Wrestler
Nekas, John
Nickas, Nick
Nikas, George
Nikas, Ioannis
Nikas, John
Pagonas, James
Panagakopoulos, Angreas
Panagopoulos, A.
Pandovolos, Georgiou
Pantazopoulos, Demetrios
Papadakis, Demetrios
Papademetropoulos, Nicholas
Papademetropoulos, Nikolaos (Nick Pope)
Papadimitrakopoulou, Miss.
Papadimitriou, Ioannis
Papadopoulos, Andreas
Papadopoulos, Panagiotis
Papageorgakopoulos, Georgios
Papageorgakopoulos, Georgios (George Moore)
Papagiannis, Georgios
Papanastasiou, Georgios
Papanikolopoulos, Nikitas
Papanikolopoulos, Panagiotis
Papas, Alex
Papastathopoulos, Panag.
Papoutsalaras, Georgios
Pappas, Pete
Pappas, Phil
Pappas, Tom
Paraskevopoulos, Nicholas
Patapis, Georgios
Pefanes, Nick
Pefanis, Demetrios
Pefanis, Georgios
Pefines family
Pefinis, George
Pendovolas, Dionysios
Pergantes, Stephen
Pergantis, S.
Petrides, (Father) Demetrios
Petrople, Constantine
Petropol, Peter
Petropol, Vacell
Petropoulos, Georgios
Petropoulos, V.
Petroulas, Ioannis
Petroutzis, Konstantinos
Pheles, Argyr
Pheles, Argyre
Philaretos, J.
Photopoulos, Demetrios
Pistolimou, N.
Polychronas, Dionysios
Polychronopoulos, Demetrios
Poolos, Pete
Pope, Jim
Pope, N. I,
Pope, N. N.
Pope, Nick
Pope, Soterios
Potagos, Pete
Poulo, James
Poulos, Charles
Poulos, George
Poulos, James
Poulos, John
Pouris, George
Pournanas, Nicholaos
Pournaras, Athanasios
Praktikakis, Michael
Prates, Athen
Pratis, Georgios
Prattes, Athan
Prattes, George
Prattes, J.
Prattis, Athanasios
Pratts, Tom
Preles, Victor K.
Prylis, Vasileios
Psadourakis, Thomas
Psaras, Vasileios
Psaros, D.
Psaroudakis, Demetrios
Psaroudakis, Dimitris
Psaroundakis, D.
Psychalinos, Stephanos
Psychalinou, Eirini
Pullos, Niklas, 
Sallas, Angel
Saravakos, Nicholaos
Sardelis, Eustathios
Seimenis, Georgios
Sellas, Angle
Serafeimides, Ioakim
Seretis, Miltiades
Siasas, G. Iosyf
Sirmakezis, Ioannis
Sirmas, John
Sivilas, Nicholaos
Skamentos, Demetrios
Skandalis, Vasileios
Skandangos, Nicholaos
Smerles, Angel
Solon, George
Solon, Nicholas
Soteriou, Vasilios
Soteropoulos, Angel
Sotiropoulos, Stavros
Soules, Sam
Souranis, Dionisios
Spanogiannis, Vasileios
Speropoulos, Nick
Spon, Nicholas
Spyropoulos, Athanasios
Spyropoulos, Nicholaos
Spyropoulos, Panagiotis
Stalimeros, Ioannis
Stamos, Speros
Stavropoulos, John
Stephanides, V.
Stephanopoulos / Stefinies, Andrew
Stephens, Orestes T.
Stephens, P.
Stroumboulis, G.
Syrmas, Ioannis
Teodorakopoulos, Konstantinos
Themelis, George
Themistoklis, Evangelos
Theodosiou, Michael
Theodosiou, Vasoulis
Theoharis, Georgios
Theoklitos, Metropolitan
Thomas, Dernus
Tountas, Nicholaos
Tountas, Nicholas
Tountas, Nikolaos
Travelos, Maria
Tripose, P.
Tsakopoulos, Thanos
Tsamouklas, Georgios
Tsatas, Elias
Tsouraklas, Ioannis
Tsouroulas, Georgios
Tsousis, Christos
Tziroulas, Demetrios
Vachliotis, Christos
Vafeiades, Dimitri
Valeras, Anastasios
Valliotis, Ioannis
Valwals, Jaues
Vardouniotes, John
Varellas, John
Varellas, Paul
Varles, Paul
Vasileiou, Konstantinos
Velis, Georgios
Velis, Vasileios
Venias, Georgios
Vergheotes, Myte
Vergios, Andreas
Vergiotis, Panagiotis
Vergiotis, Pete
Vergiotis, Pete
Vergiotis, St.
Visvardis, Dionysios
Vlachos, Demetrios
Voulgaris, George
Vryonis, Dr. S.J.B.
Vryonis, Dr. Spero G.
Vryonis, Speros
Vryonis, Spyros
Williams, Jim
Xenides, Reverend J. P.
Zakas, D.
Zakas, Dionysios
Zakas, Vasileios
Zervas, Ilias
Zervis, Georgios
Zervis, Panagiotis
Zuzulas, Alex A.