Monday, April 30, 2012

Realism at Hull House....Chicago Greeks Produce "The Return of Odysseus" (includes names of Greek actors) - article in Chicago Daily Tribune, December 7, 1899

Published in the Chicago Daily Tribune, December 7, 1899

Audience Yells at Sham Knockout
in Homeric Play
Chicago Greeks Produce "The Return
of Odysseus" with Such a Spirit the
Audience Gasps and Applauds -
Climax is the Boxing Match - Will Be
Given Tonight and Tomorrow -
Kissing Poster Causes More Talk at
Evanston About Student Drama.

Chicago Greeks reproduced scenes from ancient Hellenic life last night at Hull House.  And they threw into the performance a realism that brought the audience to its feet with cheers.  The climax came in the scene where two Phaeacian nobles box before Odysseus.  Both were cestl and the exhibition drew yells of applause from the audience.  It was as spirited as a six-round bout at Tattersall's and when the six-foot Phaeacian went down and took ten seconds the audience gasped, so real was the apparent knockout.  Not till the actor reappeared in the next scene could many believe the fight was a sham.

The play was called "The return of Odysseus" and was an arrangement of six Homeric episodes by Miss Mabel Hay Barrows of Boston.  The play will be repeated tonight and tomorrow night.  The first night audience was composed of large numbers of the Greek colony with instructors from the University of Chicago, Lake Forest, and Northwestern and some ministers and other professional men.

The cast of the play was:

Odysseus......Demetrius Manussos
Telemuchus.....Soterius Georgiades
Alelnous, King of Phaeacia......Panagiotis Lambros
Laodamas.......Soterius Georgiades
Hallus........Vasillos Zeros
Clytoneus........Demetrius Glanacopulos
His sons.
Echeneus, a Phaeacian Councilor.....Georgios Anastasopulos
Euryalus...........Elias Condaxopoulos
Amphiaius...........Herakles Athanasopoulos
Eintreus...........Vasilios Georgopoulos
Phaeacian athletes.
Penelope..........Mavilla Mparos
Athene, disguised as Mentes.......Constantinos Anargyros
Circe...........Amalie Mastro-Valerio
Arete, Queen of Phaeacia........Mavilla Mparos
Nausicaa, her daughter.........Helen Tsoromokon

Substitutes for Greek Women.
The men of the cast were native Greeks, but it was found impossible to cast the women's parts in the same way.  Some of the Grecian damsels were Greek boys and others, without speaking parts, were American girls.  Miss Barrows herself, as Mavilla Mparos, was Penelope and Arete, Queen of Phaeacia, while other of the Greek women were Italians.

The play developed an etymological discussion for the scholors.  The Greeks refused to use the scholastic pronunciation of Erasmus and insisted upon reading the Homeric verse without metrical inflection, with the pronunciation of modern Greece.  There was no attempt at retaining Greek ideas of dramatic unity and little at giving a Greek play.  What was presented was a series of brilliantly colored Homeric pictures, pantomime of dignity, and dialogue of force and dramatic strength.  The series of stage pictures presented was remarkable.  The reeks displayed just the amount of composure to give dignity to the statuesque mural effects and the amount of mobility to give grace and animation to their action.

The Greeks, it seemed from the audience, had forgotten the passage of nearly 3,000 years.  Their spirit was in their lines and their actions.  Their dances were modern Greek and their boxing had the atmosphere of the Marquis of Queensberry rules, but the scholars who saw the play said it had a value which the more technically correct representations of Greek plays given by college students have lacked.  It was the modern Greek idea of what ancient Greek was.

Photograph - 1938 - Workers at American Bridge Company in Front of Greek Coffee Shop; Ambridge, Pennsylvania

1938 - Workers at American Bridge Company in Front of Greek Coffee Shop; Ambridge, Pennsylvania 

(click image to enlarge)

Source: Library of Congress LC-USF34-026536-D

"Trouble in Greek Colony" article (describes location of "South Side Greek settlement" - Chicago Daily Tribune, January 29, 1898

Published in the Chicago Daily Tribune, January 29, 1898

Factional War Breaks Out in the
Twelfth Street and Wabash Avenue Settlement

Difference of opinion as to the organization of a secret society is said to have caused members of the Greek colony at Twelfth street and Wabash avenue to form themselves into two factions and declare war. The trouble began several weeks ago, and after numerous fluctuations was renewed yesterday afternoon with such vigor that after, it is said, blows had been struck and several Greeks of one faction had been pursued by rivals with hatchets and clubs, three of the more unruly colonists were arrested and locked up at the central station charged with making threats to kill.  The prisoners are John Economon, Saranto Economon, and Peter Zeferen.  They were arrested on warrants sworn out by "Tom" Baryames.  John Economon is said to be the recognized leader of one faction, while Baryames is at the head of the opposing forces.

Baryames alleges that he and a number of his countrymen were attacked by Economon and his forces.  Nothing more serious than a few bruised heads and noses, however, resulted from the conflict.  Baryames declares that he was pursued three blocks by the prisoners, who flourished clubs and hatchets, but the charge is emphatically denied by the Economon brothers and Zeferen.

The South Side Greek settlement is in the alley between Wabash avenue and State street from Twelfth to Fourteenth streets, and most of the colonists live in barns.  Detectives Briscoe and Granger say they found as many as a dozen persons occupying squalid quarters in each barn.

Photograph - 1899 - Interior of Greek Church; Sitka, Alaska

1899 - Interior of Greek Church; Sitka, Alaska 

(click on image to enlarge)

Source: Library of Congress LC-USZ62-102446

Sunday, April 29, 2012

Alabama Deaths (1908-1974) - 183 Names listing Greece as Birthplace

The following names are recorded with Greece as the place of birth in the above database.  Please visit the above link to view the FREE database and additional information associated with this record through

James Ellis - Birth:  Greece 1889

John Constantine Vrocher - Birth:  Greece

Gus Kokalas - Birth:  Greece 1891

Gus Karajionis - Birth:  Greece 1880

Pete Katpodis - Birth:  Greece

Gus Cologeearis - Birth:  Greece

Mary Serios - Birth:  Greece 1886

Mike Steintide - Birth:  Greece

Demetrios Enastasion or Jim Brown - Birth:  Greece 1904

Sam Mihilas - Birth:  Greece 1855

Kalera Lovas - Birth:  Greece

Theodore Aleferis - Birth:  Greece

George Alexander - Birth:  Greece

Cecelia Alexander - Birth:  Greece

John Thoulkas - Birth:  Greece

Bull Theros - Birth:  Greece

George Makris - Birth:  Greece 1889

B. S. Makris - Birth:  Greece

Christy D. Macris - Birth:  Greece 1884

William Lucas - Birth:  Greece 1895

Pete Makres - Birth:  Greece 1884

Nick Likos - Birth:  Greece 1872

Deoniseos Patouces - Birth:  Greece

William Paulos - Birth:  Greece 1894

Andrew Cjatsis - Birth:  Greece 1883

George Graffos - Birth:  Greece 1871

Germmanos Papajohn - Birth:  Greece

Katina H. Pappas - Birth:  Greece 1885

Pete Pappas - Birth:  Greece

James Pappajohn - Birth:  Greece

George Paros - Birth:  Greece 1869

George A. Pappageorge - Birth:  Greece

Antonio Paneros - Birth:  Greece

Charles Diamon Pantaze - Birth:  Greece 1872

Kostas Kezelas - Birth:  Greece

Kontos Or Hammata - Birth:  Greece

Mary Haloky - Birth:  Greece

Chris J. Mortzekos - Birth:  Greece

Mike Kactoreus - Birth:  Greece

Pete Starbelow - Birth:  Greece

Stamatios Stamatakis - Birth:  Greece

John A. Costrackes - Birth:  Greece

George Costellos - Birth:  Greece

Louis J. Kortos - Birth:  Greece

Mrs. Nicolista Costarides - Birth:  Greece

Louis G. Copul - Birth:  Greece

Louis Contoroupis - Birth:  Greece 1868

Louis Konome - Birth:  Greece 1866

James Conomos - Birth:  Greece 1892

Eustratos John Consters - Birth:  Greece

Nicholas Theodore Kontos - Birth:  Greece

Athanasia N. Kontos - Birth:  Greece

Marina Constantine - Birth:  Greece 1858

Kyriakos Koumpis - Birth:  Greece

Nick Constantine - Birth:  Greece

Evangelos Rafalos - Birth:  Greece

Theonia Billias - Birth:  Greece

Bill Bosbonis - Birth:  Greece

Theros Booth - Birth:  Greece

August Nicolopulor - Birth:  Greece

Elizabeth S. Sauleotes - Birth:  Greece

John Nicklos Packas - Birth:  Greece

George Dalietos - Birth:  Greece 1881

George Kaiopete - Birth:  Greece

Virginia Colidis - Birth:  Greece 1881

Alex Kantos - Birth:  Greece 1871

Angelica Casmus - Birth:  Greece

Contrnos D. Callisperis - Birth:  Greece

Anastasis Bollas - Birth:  Greece 1865

Epstratias Karahalis - Birth:  Greece 1880

Pete Karkas - Birth:  Greece 1890

Pete J. Carlos - Birth:  Greece 1885

Paul Hardwell - Birth:  Greece 1899

Katherine Abazzi - Birth:  Greece 1886

Jean Efelten - Birth:  Greece

Geo Agapikoes - Birth:  Greece

Tony Costas - Birth:  Greece 1880

George Louis Betroz - Birth:  Greece 1866

Nicholas Batis - Birth:  Greece 1896

H. Slepvaison - Birth:  Greece

Theodore Armago - Birth:  Greece 1886

George Anton - Birth:  Greece 1894

Pete Arges - Birth:  Greece 1886

George Arthus - Birth:  Greece 1881

Spiro Damicanos Aspiotes - Birth:  Greece

Peter D. Brown - Birth:  Greece 1879

Stefonas Glekea Jr. - Birth:  Greece

Gus Gliptis - Birth:  Greece 1898

Louis George Taramangos - Birth: Greece 1892

George D. Economy - Birth:  Greece 1883

James Tallot - Birth:  Greece

George Theoras - Birth:  Greece

Mr. Pete Varvaressos - Birth:  Greece 1880

Harry Vasilika - Birth:  Greece 1881

Charles John Valikes - Birth:  Greece 1874

George D. Kotsonoros - Birth:  Greece

Alex Zacharis Markris - Birth:  Greece

Louis Markou - Birth:  Greece

John Voiglis - Birth:  Greece

Penelope Vardas - Birth:  Greece

John Vercles - Birth:  Greece

Vasilias D. Velotas - Birth:  Greece 1895

Tom P. Varlos - Birth:  Greece 1881

John Doulos - Birth:  Greece

Chris Delley - Birth:  Greece

Nick Morris - Birth:  Greece

Nick Monogode - Birth:  Greece

Alex A. Malavis - Birth:  Greece

Antonio Mainatis - Birth:  Greece

James Manos - Birth:  Greece 1876

Basil Leman - Birth:  Greece

Ellen Chicatos - Birth:  Greece 1892

Theodore Nymfios - Birth:  Greece

Gus B. Zanthos - Birth:  Greece

John Steve Zakis - Birth:  Greece

Emanuel Peters Zulinakis - Birth:  Greece

Christ Bromess - Birth:  Greece 1875

Chris Mitchell - Birth:  Greece 1892

William Maneol - Birth:  Greece 1888

James D. Peters - Birth:  Greece 1892

Angelia Andrews - Birth:  Greece

Mrs. Stamating Bardaeso - Birth:  Greece

S. M. Bernard - Birth:  Greece

Mike Sovolos - Birth:  Greece

George Nicholas Sarntoes - Birth:  Greece

Pete T. H. Saru - Birth:  Greece

Mary Sfakianos - Birth:  Greece

George Saltapedas - Birth:  Greece

Gus Delany - Birth:  Greece

James Bazell - Birth:  Greece

George Covallis - Birth:  Greece 1867

J. C. Nicholas - Birth:  Greece

Charley Galis - Birth:  Greece

George Galanos - Birth:  Greece

George John Karabalos - Birth:  Greece 1884

Louis Ganonde - Birth:  Greece 1855

Peter Zervos - Birth:  Greece

Michael Alexander Cassaras - Birth:  Greece 1884

Chris Cassumus - Birth:  Greece 1884

Mike P. Houmis - Birth:  Greece

Jim Kahrinsassie - Birth:  Argos, Greece

Pete G. Stavros - Birth:  Greece

Joe Alexander - Birth:  Athens, Greece 1872

George Kakoliris - Birth:  Zante, Greece 1877

Marouse K. Rumpanos - Birth:  Athens, Greece 1857

Thomas D. Pappas - Birth:  Sparta, Greece 1885

James Pappas - Birth:  Athens, Greece 1878

George Pappalambrous - Birth:  Thebes, Greece 1885

Andrews Chachos - Birth:  Samos, Greece 1886

Argiro Manuel Clikas - Birth:  Chios, Greece

Peter Gregor - Birth:  Tripolis, Greece 1884

George Cumuze - Birth:  Patmos, Greece 1885

Michael Boukaris - Birth:  Kranidion, Greece 1881

Peter Nerkou - Birth:  Poras, Greece

Peter K. Nicoloporlas - Birth:  Sparta, Greece

Nick Antone Gavalas - Birth:  Athens, Grece

Eula N. Gavalas - Birth:  Athens, Greece 1864

George Kanellis - Birth:  Sparta, Greece

Calliope Canellos Vacalis - Birth:  Paros, Greece 1887

Nicholas Canellos - Birth:  Poros, Greece

Theodore A. Poulos - Birth:  Greece 1889

Eugenious Armenis - Birth:  Corfu, Greece 1895

John Anthony Antonidis - Birth:  Kostellorsos, Greece 1876

Nicholas Geogouses - Birth:  Lamsa, Greece 1894

Spiros Peter Gegeanis - Birth:  Chalkis, Greece 1895

Evangelos G. Michael - Birth:  Brevera, Greece 1884

Mrs. Ellen Atherinos Tattis - Birth:  Castelorison, Greece 1880

Andrew G. Perry - Birth:  Athens, Greece 1866

James Mourmouris - Birth:  Island of Patmos, Greece 1861

Mrs. Mary Vrouvas - Birth:  Athens, Greece

George Delatois - Birth:  Greece

Alex Malamusis - Birth:  Athens, Greece

Sam K. Jeavaras - Birth:  Greece 1882

Charles Magreen - Birth:  Greece 1884

Nicolas Pettas - Birth:  Zante, Greece 1883

Peter Andreades - Birth:  Chios, Greece

George Bollhan - Birth:  Greece 1877

Kostas Gus Hanzi Nicholas - Birth:  Samos, Greece 1883

Thomas A. Gadik - Birth:  Smyrna, Greece 1889

Steve Scretas - Birth:  Trikla, Greece

Nick Cassimus - Birth:  Greece

Alabama Deaths and Burials, 1881-1952 - Names listing Greece as Birthplace

The following names are recorded with Greece as the place of birth in the above database.  Please visit the above link to view the FREE database through

Mike Steintide - Birth:  1874 in Greece

Frederick E. Pardas - Birth:  1877 in Greece

Joe B... Kirina - Birth:  1878 in Greece

Chas. Melonas - Birth:  1878 in Greece

Lee Walenteen - Birth:  1885 in Greece

George Nicholas Serantos - Birth:  1874 in Greece

Victor Petros - Birth:  Greece

N. T. Sorantos - Birth:  Greece

E. Sorantos - Birth:  Greece

Photograph - 1873 - Province of Yania (Yanya) - Ottoman Empire - Studio portrait of models wearing traditional clothing

Province of Yania (Yanya) - Ottoman Empire - Studio portrait of models wearing traditional clothing - 1873 

(click image to enlarge)

Source: Library of Congress Photograph Catalog

Photograph - 1897 - The Vassos Family - Athens, Greece

1897 - The Vassos Family - Athens, Greece 

(click on image to enlarge)

Source: Library of Congress LC-USZ62-65956

"Greek Church is Dedicated ... 34 Johnson Street" article - Father Theo. Constantine - Chicago Daily Tribune, October 18, 1897

Published in the Chicago Daily Tribune, October 18, 1897

Orthodox Denomination Formally 
Opens Its New Edifice at
34 Johnson Street
The only Greek orthodox church in the United States which is owned solely by the Greeks was formally dedicated and opened yesterday morning by the pastor, Father Theo. Constantine, at 34 Johnson street, this property having been recently purchased by the union.  The chancel was elaborately decorated.  This church has a membership of over 700, and numbers among its parishioners some of the wealthiest and most influencial of the Greeks of the city.  The pastor, Father Constantine, was for years a chaplain in the Grecian army and has but recently arrived.  He will reside near the church as soon as arrangements can be completed.  He is at present with friends on the North Side.  Public services will probably be held next Sunday.

"Police Guard a Church - Pastorage of the Greek Congreation Unchanged" article - Chicago Daily Tribune, September 13, 1897

Published in the Chicago Daily Tribune, September 13, 1897

Pastorage of the Greek
Congregation Unchanged.
Presence of the Officers Prevents the
Friends of the Rev. Father Theodore 
Papaconstantine from Ousting the
Rev. Father Peter Phiambolis -
Difficulty to Be Referred to the
Metropolitan of Athens - Rival
Organization Threatened.
The faction of the congregation of the Greek Church, 191 Kinzie street, who are trying to supplant the Rev. Father Peter Phiambolis and install the Rev. Father Theodore Papaconstantine in his place did not make the threatened attempt to seize the church at the morning service yesterday.  The announcement that there would be policemen present to suppress any outbreak had the desired effect, as Father Papaconstantine and his friends did not come near the place.

When seen later in the day Father Papaconstantine said he was desirous of avoiding trouble and would refer the whole matter to the Metropolitan of Athens for settlement.

The friends of the new priest are more radical.  They say they will have Father Papaconstantine in any event, and declare they will not attend the church until the matter has been decided by the Metropolitan.

May Organize a New Church

In case the Metropolitan decides against Father Papaconstantine, his supporters say he will have to be accepted as assistant priest or they will organize a new church and place him in charge.

The church was crowded during the services yesterday.  Father Phiambolis presided as usual, and not an interruption of any kind occurred.  The greater portion of the 300 people present were supporters of the old priest.  There were a few others whose sympathies were in the opposite direction.  They made no open manifestation, however.  This may have been due to the presence of Lieutenant T. H. Seery of the East Chicago Avenue Police Station and ten policemen, who attended the services in citizens' dress, on orders issued by Assistant Chief of Police Lyman Lewis and Inspector Schaack, at the request of Father Phiambolis, for the express purpose of preventing a clash between the two factions.  Only one trustee was present.

Stand by Phiambolis.

At the conclusion of the service Father Phiambolis announced that they had voted unanimously to support him in the fight and that he would continue in charge of the church so long as he was backed up by them.  He was given an informal reception after this announcement.

"The whole fight has been brought about by one unprincipled man," said Father Phiambolis.  "It dates further back than the recent Greek war.  About four years ago Diamatius Coyeonis obtained $50 from us by what I considered unfair methods.  I made him return the money, and told the church what I thought of him.  Since then he has tried to stir up all the trouble he can.  When the war broke out he hunted up some volunteers and persuaded them to ask the church for $700.  I refused to give it to them. Then they made complaint to the Metropolitan at Athens and asked that another priest be sent here.  The Metropolitan sent a priest before consulting with the trustees of the church, which he should not have done, according to the laws of the church, and the present trouble is partially his fault.

"The new priest will not be allowed to officiate at any service in the church.  No matter if he is sent by the Metropolitan he must get the consent of the trustees before he can hold services."

In the Greek restaurant at 11 Dearborn street each of the opposing priests has posted a notice that he is the legal head of the church here, having been so commissioned by the Metropolitan.  The place is the headquarters of the friends of the new priest.

George Manate, a leading supporter of Father Papaconstantine, said:  "A large proportion of the members want the new priest.  They are satisfied that two priests are needed, and if Father Papaconstantine is not accepted there will certainly be a new church organized for him."

The name of Diamatius Coyeonis, whom Father Phiambolis accuses of being responsible for the trouble, is not given in the directory.  No one seemed to know where he was yesterday.

"Police in a Church - Two Priests; One Flock" article - Chicago Daily Tribune, September 12, 1897

Published in the Chicago Daily Tribune, September 12, 1897

Squad Today Will Settle the
Quarrel of the Greeks.
Father Phiambolis Wants to
Keep His Place as Pastor.
Board of Trustees Will Be Asked to
Pick the Leader.
Lieutenant T. H. Seery of the East Chicago Avenue Police Station with ten policemen will attend services this morning at the Greek Catholic Church, 1?1 Kinzie street.  Force of arms will be employed if necessary to keep the warrying factions apart , for Lieutenant Seery received instructions from Assistant Chief of Police Lyman Lewis and Inspector Schaack to settle any trouble that may develop.  If any attempt is made to secure possession of the church in opposition to the majority of the Board of Trustees of the Greek community there may be bloodshed.

The trouble dates back to the sending of recruits to participate in the recent Turkish-Grecian war.  The factions are represented in the church and community by rival priests, one the present incumbent, the Rev. Father Peter Phiambolis, duly accredited from the Metropolitan of Athens as the priest in charge, and the other a rival for his religious honors, the Rev. Father Theodore Papaconstantine, who arrived in Chicago two weeks ago direct from Athens with credentials also signed by the Metropolitan of Athens.

War Causes the Trouble.

The trouble goes back to early April, when Father Phiambolis, instrumental in the Greek relief movement, and the organizer of recruits sent from Chicago, was asked to devote $700 of the church funds to pay for the equipment and transportation of the Greeks returning home.  This Father Phiambolis declined to do, and recruits upon their arrival in the mother country went before the Metropolitan and charged him with being unpatriotic.  This, notwithstanding that the Greek priest labored hard and long in their service, personally solicited subscriptions to aid the, and blessed each soldier in the name of the church as he left Chicago.

Because of these charges, it is said, the new priest was sent to replace Father Phiambolis.

Arbitration Is Rejected.

Father Papaconstantine upon his arrival in Chicago two weeks ago was refused admittance to the church.  Friends of both factions got together and attempted to reduce the problem through arbitration.  They proposed that Father Phiambolis continue in charge of the Greek church and that the new priest be made his assistant.  Father Phiambolis refused to arbitrate on the ground that he had not been recalled and that his credentials ante-dated those of the newcomer by several years.

Then Consul General C. L. Hutchinson, representing the Greek government in Chicago, was asked to settle the matter.  He refused, saying it would be necessary for him to communicate with the Metropolitan before he could take any steps in the matter.

Both Seek the Police.

On Friday Father Phiambolis, with a dozen of the leading members of his church, called upon Assistant Superintendent of Police Lewis and asked to be furnished protection.  He said the majority of the Greek community wanted him to remain, and that he was entitled to continue on account of priority of appointment.  He had hardly disappeared through the City Hall entrance when Father Papaconstantine was ushered in accompanied by George Manati, a leading Greek Citizen, who acted as interpreter.  Father Papaconstantine showed his heavy parchments, bearing the flowing signature of the Metropolitan, and asked to be given possession of the church, to take charge of which he had come 5,000 miles.  In the dilemma Assistant Chief Lewis turned to Lieuteneant Seery and asked him to settle the differences of the two factions.

Trustees to Decide It.

Lieutenant Seery said last night he had not made up his mind as to his plan for today.

"I think I will take possession of the church in the morning," said he.  "Then I will convene the Board of Trustees and ask them to take a vote on the matter.  If they decide for the old priest, Father Phiambolis, I will admit him and his followers, and I will then protect them in the possession of the church, and Father Papaconstantine will be obliged to look elsewhere for a parish.  If the board decides for Father Papaconstantine he will be given possession.  It is a hard matter to settle, and I expect we will have trouble with one faction or the other."